Classical music dictionary
concerto [kuh n-cher-toh] noun, plural concertos, concerti
a composition for one or more principal instruments, with orchestral accompaniment, now usually in symphonic form.
opera [op-er-uh, op-ruh] noun
an extended dramatic composition, in which all parts are sung to instrumental accompaniment, that usually includes arias, choruses, and recitatives, and that sometimes includes ballet.
Compare comic opera, grand opera.
overture [oh-ver-cher, -choo r] noun
partita [pahr-tee-tuh; Italian pahr–tee-tah]noun, plural partitas, partite
1. an instrumental suite common chiefly in the 18th century.
2.a set of variations.
sinfonia [sin-foh-nee–uh; Italian seen-faw-nee-ah] , symphony.
strophic [strof-ik, stroh-fik] adj.
music where every stanza is sung to the same music
symphony [sim-fuh-nee] noun
1. an elaborate instrumental composition in three or more movements, similar in form to a sonata but written for an orchestra and usually of far grander proportions and more varied elements.
2. an instrumental passage occurring in a vocal composition, or between vocal movements in a composition.
3. an instrumental piece, often in several movements, forming the overture to an opera or the like.-tone
Twelve-tone [twelv–tohn] adj.
A youtube.com explanation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4niz8TfY794