Music From Africa to Jazz
lay down body/ the moving star hall singers 3:37
Steve Hickman Hambone Artist – live in concert! 3:07
“Rosie” (African American Work Song) – Production Version 2:45
Mahalia Jackson – Take My Hand, Precious Lord 4:12
Bessie Griffin – Move On Up A Little Higher 4:53
Too Close To Heaven – Alex Bradford , “Too Close” 3:02
Touch The Hem Of His Garment – Sam Cooke & The Soul Stirrers 2:02
Maple Leaf Rag Played by Scott Joplin 2:45
Marvin Gaye – Wholy Holy 3:11
Aretha Franklin – Wholy Holy 5:32
Bebe & Cece Winans – I.O.U. Me 4:38
Donnie McClurkin Stand 5:20
JAZZ IN NEW ORLEANS
Jelly Roll Morton – Black Bottom Stomp 3:09
Original Dixieland Jazz Band “Dixie Jass Band One Step” February 26, 1917 FIRST JAZZ RECORD 2:36
“Mama’s Black Baby Boy” Edison Records, Graphophone cylinder 2:47
George Johnson – The Whistling Coon – 1891 (The first recording by an African-American) 2:53
The Laughing Song – George W. Johnson (1898) 2:23
Dorothy Moore – Funny How Time Slips Away (1976) 3:47
Rainy Night in Georgia — Brook Benton 3:54
African Chant – Original Music 3:31
FOLI (there is no movement without rhythm) original version by Thomas Roebers and Floris Leeuwenberg 10:50
MISTY BLUE DOROTHY MOORE – rhythm & blues 3:33
Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong – Stompin’ At the Savoy 5:13
Mokalamity and the wizards vision – African reggae 3:07
Chuck Berry – Johnny B-Goode 2:35
John Coltrane – Blue train 10:45
Duke Ellington – Take The A Train 8:17
Miles Davis – Tutu 1986 HQ 5:18
Herbie Hancock – “Dolphin Dance”(Maiden Voyage,1965) 9:16
Billie Holiday – Crazy He Calls Me 3:05
Ella Fitzgerald – Summertime (High Quality – Remastered) 5:01
Lil Hardin Armstrong & Her Swing Orchestra – Oriental Swing 3:05
Bessie Smith (Nobody Knows You When You’re Down And Out, 1929) Jazz Legend 3:04
Mary Lou Williams – It Ain’t Necessarily So 4:47
Nancy Wilson / The Boy From Ipanema 2:16
Carmen McRae – Take Five 1961 2:16
Lena Horne – Stormy Weather (Early 1956 Version) 3:58
There are surprising African musical influences in some of Lil’s compositions from this period. Apparently she was by this time looking into the roots of jazz because a dramatic example is found in “Perdido Street Blues” which is based on an old, old traditional rhythmic pattern: a West Aftrican shuffle dance known from Congo Square (aka Congress Square) in New Orleans from before the turn of the year 1900.
Perdido Street Blues 3:03
Miles Davis, Portia 6:06
Miles Davis, Tomaas 5:24
Miles Davis – Red China Blues 4:05
From Africa to Jazz Notes
Gospel music –root of R&B, Soul, and Rock, launched the careers of countless singers.
TAKE MY HAND, PRECIOUS LORD (1932):
Written by former bluesman, Thomas A. Dorsey,
set the musical and thematic tone for all gospel music.
The melody is from a 19th century hymn
Dorsey wrote over the deaths of his first wife and child.
MOVE ON UP A LITTLE HIGHER (1947):
Pastor and composer W. Herbert Brewster
first “hit,” selling 8 million copies.
I’M TOO CLOSE (1953):
Professor Alex Bradford was one of the first great “showmen” of gospel
a husky baritone to a sweet, sweet falsetto
he influenced many R&B, Soul, Rock and Pop artists.
known as the “Little Richard of gospel,” it is more accurate to call Little Richard the “Alex Bradford of Rock and Roll.”
WHOLY HOLY (1971):
Marvin Gaye co-wrote
album “What’s Going On.”
Aretha Franklin transformed it into a gospel classic
I.O. U. ME (1987):
artistic technological blurred the lines between secular and sacred.
topped the R&B and gospel charts and won numerous awards.
controversial minister and singer Donnie McClurkin,
A protégé of Andre Crouch
McClurkin wrote and performed this anthem to faith, courage, and endurance which catapulting him to fame. Oprah Winfrey brought attention (and massive sales) to the song when she proclaimed it her “favorite CD in the world.”
ORIGINS OF JAZZ
jazz starts 1895-1917 New Orleans
Creoles on west side of Canal St. Conservatory educated in Paris, sight reading and correct performance;
Newly freed Blacks on east side played blues, gospel and work songs memorization and improvisation and playing by ear.
1894 racial segregation law
1897 establishment of Storyville, red light district, prostitution was legal.
Recordings of jazz in 1917
Jelly Roll Morton was a Creole named Ferdinand LaMenthe and became a professor (main musician playing piano at the sporting houses)
Jazz inherited the rhythms of African music and the formal structure of European music.
The Unique Quartette recorded again in 1893, and one of their titles, “Mama’s Black Baby Boy”
1890 George W. Johnson became the first African American to record commercially.